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Alice Milligan and The Irish ( Feminist ? ) Revival

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PostPosted: Sun Mar 20, 2016 10:38 pm    Post subject: Alice Milligan and The Irish ( Feminist ? ) Revival Reply with quote


Alice Milligan (4 September 1865 – 13 April 1953)was an Irish nationalist poet and writer, active in the Gaelic League.

If you can locate any of her poems for me Marianne I will be pleased - my third browse and I have not turned any up yet despite her fame - I have just added this to the above's Talk page -

Alice Milligan and The Irish Cultural Revival - essay by Catherine Morris in 2010 exhibition catalogue


National Library of Ireland - Alice Milligan and The Irish Cultural Revival -

" ... This essay, written by Dr Catherine Morris, accompanies the exhibition Alice Milligan and the Irish Cultural Revival, running at the National Library of Ireland from November 2010 to February 2011. ... "

" ( page 3 ) ...Alice Milligan (1866-1953) put culture and the arts at the very centre of the civic society that she wanted to create ... Milligan’s vision for a communitarian, decentred national theatre movement was critical in creating the cultural conditions that would give the beleaguered Irish language new social contexts of meaning. From 1891, Milligan mobilised visual culture to aid the national movement for the regeneration of the Irish language. A pioneer of early photography and the social value of visual culture, Milligan reclaimed public space for Irish communities: she travelled extensively to project images of Gaelic League workers and scenes from Irish life using magic lanterns and theatre shows. ...

... Women, the north of Ireland, national theatre, the Irish language and human rights are at the centre of everything she did, everything she wrote, all the organisations she founded and the causes she promoted. ... Milligan’s collectivist approach to the promotion of Irish culture and the arts is reflected in her impressive network of colleagues and by the vast range of archives that her life story connects. ... Her artistic practice was global as well as local, rural as well as urban. She promoted Irish culture within a context of anti-sectarian activism that was communitarian and that developed out of a feminist and modernist consciousness. ...

... In 1919 Susan Mitchell argued for the inscription of the critical part played by women in Irish history : " The story of the men who loved Ireland has often been told, and I, with other Irish women, rejoice to do them honour, but I am a little jealous that of Irishwomen the hero tale has not been told, for they too love their country and work for it, and it is time their candle was taken out of its bushel and set upon a candlestick to give light to the dwellers in this our house.” ... The extensive archival journey required to bring Milligan’s story to light is a reflection of the complexity of one of Ireland’s most intriguing and politically engaged cultural practitioners ... "

I recommend the rest of the essay as an easy and enlightening read -

" ... Milligan’s writing demonstrates an intense intellectual engagement with Irish cultural and political history. ... Alice Milligan later observed how constitutional politics depended on the undemocratic exclusion of women who “were not called upon to have any opinion whatsoever” about the destiny of their country. ... she was singled out as a “red headed nationalist” and regarded by many as “a black mark” on her family’s reputation.10 And it wasn’t just parts of the unionist community that vocally opposed Milligan’s Irish cultural activities. ... She exposed the gender discrimination she often encountered (even from committees that she had been democratically elected to serve on) in the international cultural journal that she founded and co-edited with another remarkable woman, Anna Johnston ... Milligan published her poems, short stories, plays, essays, association minutes, Gaelic League reports, travelogues,
memoirs, letters, journalism, reviews and opinions in the unindexed pages of over 60 Irish national and international newspapers and journals.... it took many years to trace Milligan’s vast literary and polemical output and to uncover the buried narrative of her activities. ... "

... James Connolly, for instance, was given his first space in Irish print when Alice Milligan commissioned him to write four articles for The Shan Van Vocht. His ideas about socialism, nationalism and cultural revival read like a first draft of the 1916 Declaration of the Republic of Ireland. ... The Shan Van Vocht was all about giving space to the marginalised voices of women, of people who expressed new opinions, of those who were not represented in the official narratives of the state. ... It is remarkable how two northern women ( of different religious faiths ) rose above public opposition and with little finance created a prolific journal that circulated new literature and promoted new cultural initiatives. ...

- this is a really good essay with some very nice ilustrations : something to aspire to copy ( but I can not copy too much of it here ! )

http://digital.ucd.ie/view/ucdlib:43116 - The Shan Van Vocht

" The Shan Van Vocht was a national monthly magazine founded in 1896 by two Belfast women, Alice Milligan and Anna Johnston (later Anna MacManus) following their departure from another journal, the Northern Patriot. The Shan Van Vocht contained literature, poetry, historical articles, and political commentary, as well as news and events of various cultural and political societies. ... James Connolly, Douglas Hyde, and Arthur Griffith were among those who contributed to the Shan Van Vocht. ... "


Museum eye : Alice Milligan and the Irish Cultural Revival - HI

" One of the forgotten consequences of the partition of Ireland in 1920 is that a significant strand of nationalism was left isolated and ignored. In the South the official version of the national story underplayed the Northern Protestant involvement, and to be a Northern Protestant woman meant being ignored altogether. ... In the cabinets are a variety of books, manuscripts and publications associated with Milligan. She was a fervent propagandist who established and edited a number of journals over the years, such as The Northern Patriot and The Shan Van Vocht. These were not just political periodicals but also published poems, plays and stories, with the intent of promoting indigenous Irish culture. Milligan believed that political independence could only succeed alongside a strongly rooted cultural independence that was not dominated by the British media. ...

... There is a refreshing optimism obvious in almost everything with which she was involved, whether periodicals or poems, lectures or tableaux vivants. You can read what she wrote and appreciate the breadth of her interests as you move from one cabinet to the next examining books, magazines, photographs and sketches. ... Milligan was involved in many areas of culture. She was a feminist and patriot who also wrote poems and promoted the Irish language, as well as being a playwright and propagandist. ... By focusing on Milligan, it reminds us that the movement for national independence was advanced on many fronts and that Northern Protestant patriots, poets and feminists all played their part. ... "

To bed I think ... but can you find some of these poems or add to this ?
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