Joined: 09 Feb 2007
|Posted: Wed Apr 12, 2017 12:35 pm Post subject: Arcadia
I was writing recently about Libertalia ( possibly real ) and Spensonia ( not real - a utopia like Thomas More's Utopia / Eutopia ) and there is of course -
" Arcadia (Greek: Ἀρκαδία) refers to a vision of pastoralism and harmony with nature. The term is derived from the Greek province of the same name which dates to antiquity; the province's mountainous topography and sparse population of pastoralists later caused the word Arcadia to develop into a poetic byword for an idyllic vision of unspoiled wilderness. Arcadia is a poetic shaped space associated with bountiful natural splendor and harmony. The 'Garden' is often inhabited by shepherds. The concept also figures in Renaissance mythology. Although commonly thought of as being in line with Utopian ideals, Arcadia differs from that tradition in that it is more often specifically regarded as unattainable. Furthermore, it is seen as a lost, Edenic form of life, contrasting to the progressive nature of Utopian desires. ... The inhabitants were often regarded as having continued to live after the manner of the Golden Age, without the pride and avarice that corrupted other regions. It is also sometimes referred to in English poetry as Arcady. The inhabitants of this region bear an obvious connection to the figure of the noble savage, both being regarded as living close to nature, uncorrupted by civilization, and virtuous. ... "
... So in a sense Arcadia has nothing to do with Republicanism as derived from Cicero because its inhabitants are not " civilised " i.e. they do not live in towns or cities and have no laws of their own because they instinctively live according to The Natural Law - The Divine Law - The Cosmic Law which orders The World : The Nomos ... This however has a lot to do with the Neo-Classical Republicanisms of the period 1650 - 1850 which are for the most part taken to be Republicanism by those who equate it with the ideologies associated with the Corsican, American and French revolutions ... Why ? ... Well when Grotius developed the idea of The Natural Law he was building upon the works of Thomas Aquinas which were widely accepted under the Medieval Catholicism which gave birth to Renaissance Republicanism 1450 - 1650 but in doing so unleashed The Reformation and the wars which in turn gave birth to Grotius' thinking ... Perhaps Owain Glyndwr's political vision was a precursor to this because what the princes and kings of Europe wanted were arguments by which to break with Rome. ...
... The " back to basics " approach which erupted out Protestantism led first to diverse forms of ideologies based upon the various theologically based Renaissance Republicanisms e.g. Savanarola's regime in Florence and in reaction to the crazy extremisms of some of these e.g. The Munster Commune of The ( so-called ) Anabaptists what followed was the desire for moderation and stability e.g. Machiavelli's reaction to Savanarola and that in turn led to the need for pluralism and tolerance and thus a turning away from demands for ideological conformity which led to an emphasis upon The Rule of Law and philosophy gradually replaced theology as the source of ideas for Neo-Classical Republicanisms ... About the same time the European powers were first expanding their empires and the companies were plundering exotic places and killing interesting people and their employees were either coming back home covered in tattoos or not coming home but settling down with interesting women in exotic places like Libertalia in order to create better societies ... all funded by piracy ...
... A lot of these interesting women from exotic places were like my ex-ex-ex who was from Yr Wyddgrug and so those who married them either got to do a lot of philosophising about these noble savages or alternatively they spent a lot of time doing piracy ... Actually a lot of the philosophising about these noble savages was done at a very safe distance - once these pirates had sneaked home - " Well - if you loved this noble savage so much why don't you go back to live with her in Libertalia ? " ... The noble savage idea was soon taken up by The Speculative Freemasons which soon pissed off The Operative Freemasons who were still building things whilst the others were just taking up space in their lodges - as merely speculative builders ... Eventually the builders of speculations persuaded a number of others who were not Freemasons to try re-building society and The First French Revolution was arguably the result : they succeeded in restoring a large part of the population of France and much of Europe and several other places to savagery ... unfortunately it did not result in any of them becoming noble ... but ... it does seem to be the case that our species does have some inherent characteristics, that human beings are not merely lumps of clay whose behaviour is determined by our histories.
In one sense some kind of Arcadia billions of years ago shaped the evolution of our species and presumably dogs and cats and sparrows and insects and bacteria etc have all evolved along with us in an interactive way : our genetic inheritances bear the imprint of the Arcadia which enabled us to develop opposable thumbs, stone tools, iron weapons and the will to conquer vaste swathes of other people's lands and turn them into golf courses and thus destroy Arcadia ... Right now teenage boys are developing hugely muscled opposable thumbs in order to learn how to fly drones from the comfort of their bedrooms whilst stuffing popcorn as they slaughter interesting people in exotic places who possess less muscular opposable thumbs ... perhaps the modern equivalent of the 18c term " noble savage " is now " gook " or " Taffy-Butty " - ? ... Certainly it seems odd to me that The People in Wales whoop with glee to see on their television screens a guided missile complete with attached webcam for the purpose of displaying this tearing into a crowd of The People in The World ... yet getting most indignant if a lone individual with a machete hacks at anyone within a thousand miles of themselves and calling them " savage."
It rarely seems to occur to The People in Wales are neither geographically separated from The People in The World nor socially separated : we are The People in The World - and those killing us are our enemies not our protectors ... War is not an Arcadia game.