Joined: 09 Feb 2007
|Posted: Thu Jun 15, 2017 9:02 am Post subject: The Illuminati in The Invisible College
|[ JUST BUNGING DOWN SOME NOTES FOR LATER ]
PDF - BOYLE, SPINOZA AND THE HARTLIB CIRCLE: THE
CORRESPONDENCE WHICH NEVER TOOK PLACE
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b. The context of the correspondence and the Hartlib Circle
The circle around Samuel Hartlib (ca. 1600-1662), John Durie (1596-1680) and Jan Amos Comenius (1592-1670) played an important role in the Spinoza-Boyle
correspondence. This international circle was much more heterogeneous in nature than The Republic of Letters, which was primarily composed of diplomats, lawyers,
doctors, scholars, and (to a lesser extent) theologians. The Hartlib circle, by contrast, was composed of a much wider variety of people: publishers, chemists, alchemists,
theologians, mathematicians, physicists and so on. Often, people were members of several different circles at once. After 1662, for example, several members of the
Hartlib circle became members of the Royal Society for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge. However, not all members of the Royal Society were also Hartlibians.
Quite surprisingly, everyone mentioned thus far as playing a role in the development of the Spinoza-Boyle correspondence was also a Hartlibian: Boyle,
Oldenburg, Durie, Boyle’s sister, Glauber, Worsely, Menasseh Ben Israel and so on. But there is another important who has not yet been mentioned: Petrus Serrarius (1600-1669). Serrarius [Pierre Serrurier] was the most important link between Spinoza, Oldenburg and Boyle. He was, as Richard Popkin puts it, “Spinoza’s contact with the outside world”, his “reliable correspondent in Amsterdam” who brought Spinoza’s letters to Oldenburg and vice versa. Moreover, the millenarian Serrarius was also a collegiant. The collegiants had their center at that
time in Rijnsburg, the small village near Leiden, where Spinoza lived after his ban in 1656. As a collegiant, he was in contact with other collegiants, some of whom were
good friends of Spinoza.