Joined: 09 Feb 2007
|Posted: Sun May 24, 2015 8:46 pm Post subject: The Political Landscapes of the Welsh Imagination
|I am just putting down a note to begin with from my mobile phone and crossing my fingers that this will eventually work out well - here is the text which seeded my imagination upon this one - it is actually to do originally with Iolo Morgannwg's ideas about Rhita Gawr being an early example of A Republican in Wales.
Friends, normally I don't give a toss : I like things cheap & cheerful & damn the mistakes lest anybody becomes too scared of criticism, but does this work ? " Yr Wyddfa stands on Cymru's land_Heaped up through aeons by Rhyddfa's hand_Y Awr broke every bone of those_Who imagined that they could impose_Their rule upon Gwladys' strand." puns : Rhita = " Rhyddfa / sound of Ruddfa " i.e." place of ( freedom / blood ) Gawr = " Y Awr " ( A Titan / " The Time.")
And now I am home, to explain that this poem puns a political idea onto the legend of Rhitta Gawr and was prompted by my reading page 20 of " Buildings and Places in Welsh History ( Vol 3 ? ) A New History of Wales " which mentions Iolo Morgannwg using the legend to advocate proper - i.e. Pacifist and therefore Internationalist - Republicanism.
" Yr Wyddfa stands on Cymru's land_
Heaped up through aeons by Rhyddfa's hand_
Y Awr broke every bone of those_
Who imagined that they could impose_
Their rule upon Gwladys' strand."
So ... " Gwladys' strand " = " Cymru's land " = the pre-Arthurian legend / myth / tutelary Welsh Earth Goddess - which I take to have been the Celtic Persephone - and thus " The Land-Lady of Wales." The obvious root of the name " Gwlad-ys " being " land " but the root within " gwlad " is " gwl-" and the connotations of that are rich in terms of the theme that I am hoping to aim at - " The Political Landscapes of the Welsh Imagination."
GWLAD = land, district, county, region, country, realm, domain, mother-land, nation, jury, inquest & COMPURGATION
[ COMPURGATION - i.e. presumeably for the purposes of making a stranger into a citizen to be recognised before " Y Raith Gwlad " = " The Judgement of The Land " - which in ancient pre-literate times meant that there was no such thing as a paper citizen nor probably a passive citizen either : if you did not attend when called to do so or ceased to do so then others were literally unable to recognise you as belonging to their land - and therefore you ceased to have any share in the land because the right to have a share in it belonged only to those willing to collectively defend it. It seems that one of the reasons why Wales managed to resist foreign invasions against the odds was that there was no private property in land - it was distributed upon the basis of the military necessity of ensuring that each man had enough land to support his family, so that he had the means not only to maintain himself as a warrior but that in being made equal with others he had no reason to wage war upon others other than to defend himself when attacked and to defend those others surrounding himself upon whose loyalty his equal share in the land was dependent on : note that this was not Feudalism - Y Tywysog Cymry was elected to be ' The Leader of The People in Wales ' and he was basically the arbiter in property disputes - he was not ' The Prince of Wales ' i.e. the notional property-owner of all of the land in " Cymru " - as Charles is ...]
http://geiriadur.ac.uk/gpc/gpc.html - rhaith
[yr e. prs. H. Lyd. Reith, Llyd. C. rez, reiz, Llyd. Diw. reizh, H. Wydd. a Gwydd. C. recht, Gwydd. Diw. reacht, yr e. prs. Gal. Rextu-genos: < Clt. *rektu- o’r gwr. IE. *reg- ‘mynd ar ei union’; cf. Llad. rēctus, S. right]
eb. ac yn eithriadol eg. ll. rheith(i)au, -ioedd, (geir.) -iaid.
a Cyfraith, deddf, rheol, gorchymyn; iawnder, cyfiawnder, hawl; iawndal, iawn; barn, rheithfarn; hefyd yn ffig.:
law, rule, decree; rightness, justice, right (to something); recompense, atonement; judgement, verdict; also fig.
b (Nifer angenrheidiol o bersonau i ffurfio) corff o bobl sy’n cyd-dyngu ag un o’r pleidiau mewn achos, y drefn o ddiheuro yn y dull hwn (yn y cyfreithiau Cymreig); rheithgor; cwest; llw, tystiolaeth ar lw, affidafid; (geir.) melltith:
(number of persons necessary to form a) body of compurgators, compurgation (in the Welsh laws); jury; inquest; oath, sworn evidence, affidavit; (dict.) curse.
rhaith gwlad: compurgation by fifty compurgators, comprising freemen holding their land under the king, and called by him (in the Welsh laws); trial by jury.
c. 1300 LTWL 353, Ubi enim reith gwlad pertineat, ibi regis est compellere iuratores ad sacramentum, id est, creir, quousque iurent legaliter negantem esse reum vel non reum. Reith gwlad autem est iuramentum l hominum terram de rege tenencium.
" Y RAITH GWLAD " can be felt therefore to not merely to be to do with geography, nor some ugly primitively Fascistic sort of " Blood & Soil " notion, but to contain as an idea the residue of a mutual contract between those who shared the land that they only did so on the basis that they had to collectively defend it and therefore it could not be divided, and that those who broke this contract were to lose their share in it : this contract was not based upon sentimental notions but upon a hard-headed assessment of how to collectively organise for their mutual defence in order to possess and share the means to survive and avoid enslavement. The idea of the " GWLAD " as a " COMPURGATION " contained within it all of the things necessary for what we now refer to as civil society plus something which we have now forgotten in Wales because everybody expects the state to do everything for them. Everybody involved in " Yr Raith Gwlad " was involved in every aspect of it and therefore citizenship in it defined their sense of who they were : it meant so much more to them than to us when as the embodiment of " Y RAITH GWLAD " they proudly proclaimed themselves to be " Y CYMRY."
see - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jus_soli
... gwiw-wlad ...
Gomer Press' " Snowdon " - A FREE E-COPY ???? - http://pdf14.sturcj.biz/pdf/snowdon-the-story-of-a-welsh-mountain-hardback-_u61cv.pdf
I thought that I might enjoy comparing Prince Charles as ' The Prince of Property ' to ' Y Tywysog Cymry ' - http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/for-children
" ... The eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II, Charles, Prince of Wales, has a net worth of $210 million ... But mostly, Prince Charles generated income from his inherited landed estate, Duchy of Cornwall estate which was built in 1337 by Edward III for his son and heir, Prince Edward. The main purpose of The Duchy is to provide a secure income for the prince and the future Princes of Wales. Today this estate has a property portfolio worth over one billion dollars. The Duchy of Cornwall is a 200 square miles of land within 23 counties. This estate includes agricultural (Duchy Originals), residential (Poundbury) and commercial properties. ... According to Prince Charles’ 2011 financial details of income, he earned £17,796,000, a 4% increased from his landed estate of Duchy of Cornwall. Interesting to note also was Prince Charles earning of a 17.9% from Grants-in-Aids and government departments totaling to £1,962,000. Grant-in-Aids include the travel by air and rail on official visits. During the year of 2010/11, Prince Charles and Duchess of Cornwall, Camilla Parker-Bowles spent about £388,000 a 56% increase from previous years. ... Prince Charles also earned profit from his property deals which grossed to £43 million from years 2001-2006. These profits he generated from the sales of block of retail shops and farmland to the renovation of the Oval Cricket ground. ... "
CHARLES & CAMILLA'S RESIDENCE IN WALES ? - http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk/the-prince-of-wales/residences/llwynywermod
If you put ' Tywysog Cymru ' into Wikipedia you get this - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Wales
But if you put just plain old ' tywysog ' into Wikipedia you get this - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tywysog
" Tywysog (Welsh pronunciation: [təˈwəsɔɡ]), in modern Welsh, means "Prince", but historically it referred to a broader category of rulers. The feminine form is Tywysoges. ... The word tywysog itself derives from Welsh tywys "to lead", so the literal meaning of tywysog is "one who leads"."
Now that is a very bare definition ... so let me use my imagination to try to re-explain the concept of ' Y Tywysog ' .. as a real estate agent with a real attitude ... and a real problem ...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_estate_broker ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Association_of_Realtors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llwynywermod ... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewc3wHrG91A ...
How a Son of Wales Became the Prince of Chintz; Flamboyant Designer Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen
... I MAY NEVER GET BACK TO THIS ONE ... BUT I'M SURE THAT YOU CAN WRITE UP - OR DOWN - YOUR OWN VERSION ... ?