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William Jones philologist and The American Revolution

 
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dai



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PostPosted: Sun Mar 11, 2018 5:56 pm    Post subject: William Jones philologist and The American Revolution Reply with quote

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Jones_(mathematician)

( who introduced the symbol Pi for Periphery - was the father of )

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Jones_(philologist)

Sir William Jones FRS FRSE (28 September 1746 – 27 April 1794) was an Anglo-Welsh philologist, a puisne judge on the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal, and a scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among European and Indian languages, which would later be known as Indo-European languages ...

... William Jones was born in London at Beaufort Buildings, Westminster; his father William Jones (1675–1749) was a mathematician from Anglesey in Wales, noted for introducing the use of the symbol π. The young William Jones was a linguistic prodigy, who in addition to his native languages English and Welsh, learned Greek, Latin, Persian, Arabic, Hebrew and the basics of Chinese writing at an early age. By the end of his life he knew eight languages with critical thoroughness, was fluent in a further eight, with a dictionary at hand, and had a fair competence in another twelve, making him a hyperpolyglot. ...

... In 1770, Jones joined the Middle Temple and studied law for three years, a preliminary to his life-work in India. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 30 April 1772. After a spell as a circuit judge in Wales, and a fruitless attempt to resolve the conflict that eventually led to the American Revolution in concert with Benjamin Franklin in Paris, he was appointed puisne judge to the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William in Calcutta, Bengal on 4 March 1783, and on 20 March he was knighted ... Jones was a radical political thinker, a friend of American independence. His work, The principles of government; in a dialogue between a scholar and a peasant (1783), was the subject of a trial for seditious libel after it was reprinted by his brother-in-law William Shipley. ...

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https://archive.org/details/principlesdialogue00joneuoft

The principles of government, in a dialogue between a scholar and a peasant
by Jones, William, Sir, 1746-1794; Society for Constitutional Information (London, England)

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gSzhKlXUhmIC&pg=PA145&lpg=PA145&dq=The+principles+of+government;+in+a+dialogue+between+a+scholar+and+a+peasant+

(1783)&source=bl&ots=SfiTZsWj9J&sig=fYO21LxyCxtn5Y-lXVKA1m0RIaw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqpqGO5
-TZAhWMesAKHRVIDccQ6AEIPDAD#v=onepage&q=The%20principles%20of%20government%3B%20in%20a%20dialogue%20between

%20a%20scholar%20and%20a%20peasant%20(1783)&f=false
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dai



Joined: 09 Feb 2007
Posts: 2853

PostPosted: Sun Mar 11, 2018 6:53 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-36-02-0476

To Benjamin Franklin from William Jones, 5 March 1782

... I have no wish to grow old in England; for, believe me, I would rather be a peasant with freedom than a prince in an enslaved country. You will have heard, before you receive this, that on the morning of the 28th. Febr. there was a majority of nineteen in the house of commons for a cessation of hostilities against the Americans; and an address was presented on the first of this month conformably to that vote: the king’s answer was in substance “I do not want your advice, and will do as I please:” ...

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-39-02-0201

From Benjamin Franklin to William Jones, 17 March 1783

... You announc’d your intended Marriage with my much respected Friend Miss Anna Maria, which I assure you gave me great Pleasure, as I cannot conceive a Match more likely to be happy, from the amiable Qualities each of you possess so plentifully. ... The Engraving of my Medal, which you know was projected before the Peace, is but just finished. None are yet struck in hard Metal, but will be in a few Days: In the mean time having this good Opportunity by Mr Penn,6 I send you one of the Epreuves. You will see that I have profited of some of your Ideas, and adopted the Mottos you were so kind as to furnish.7 ...

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Franklin/01-37-02-0406

To Benjamin Franklin from William Jones and John Paradise, 15 July 1782

... Mr. Paradise and Mr. Jones present their grateful respects to their inestimable friend Dr. Franklin, and beg leave to trouble him with the enclosed letter for Aleppo by the way of Marseilles,6 requesting him at the same time, if he has not had leisure to write the letters, with which he kindly intended to favour them,7 to send them by the post directed to Mr. Williams at Nantes, as they propose to set out towards Orleans as soon as the heat of the day is a little abated. They wish him perfect health and all possible happiness, hoping again to pay their respects to him on their return from America. ...

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https://www.walesonline.co.uk/lifestyle/nostalgia/welsh-history-month-persian-jones-10260468
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